Upgrading SuSE Linux 8.2 to 9.0
After some days of having used SuSE 9.0 Pro, we also detected some negative points, which will be mentioned further below.
- For those who have a NVIDIA Graphic Card: Firstr download the newest driver from www.nvidia.com and store it on /tmp (e.g. NVIDIA-Linux-x86-1.0-4469-pkg2.run) - Insert DVD, Side A up - Boot - Installation - Language selection (Deutsch) -> Uebernehmen - Choose 'Update of existing system' -> OK - If asked: choose appropriate partition - Installation Settings: Carefully check this! * Backup: I have a complete backup and do not need a backup here. * Keyboard-layout (Tastaturbelegung): Deutsch (Schweiz) * Pakete: many packets now use libcrypto.so.0.9.7 and libsssl.so..0.9.7 while my installed MPlayer uses the versions ...0.9.6 * 'Abbrechen' (abort) * right-click in the software you want to delete and choose 'delete' In my case this was the case for all, with the exeption of - hfslinmodem (for the Dell Inspiron 8200) - VMwareworkstation - xcdroast - Accept - 'automatic changes'-Window appears: Continue - Yes, start Update Make some notes during the 'slide-show' - you may want to try some software later, after the installation: presentation program 'Presenter' Drawing program 'Draw' KOrganizer Sodipodi: Vector drawing program Games: Enigma, and Frozen Bubble - Let the system "Reboot from Harddisk" - Internet connection: click "Continue" if you have a connection to the internet (in case of an error: continue) - Online Updates: Yes -> continue - Continue - If screen is messed up (possibly with lots of colors) and if you have a Nvidia graphical card, do the following: * remove DVD Choose: a) * ctnl/alt F1 * login as root * init 3 or b) * shutdown -r 0 * add the "3" to the boot prompt * login as root Now install the new NVIDIA driver: * cd /tmp * sh NVIDIA-Linux-x85-1.0-4496-pkg2.run (or whatever package you have) * Accept * No * OK * OK * shutdown -r 0 - Login as yourself - Click on the "Blue House Icon" on the bottom and *move* the new icons into this directory - Unfortunately, xcdroast is not anymore on the SuSE 9.0 installation DVD! However, since we hat both the cdrtools and xcdroast already installed on our previous SuSE 8.2 distribution, it was still here after the update to 9.0 and we successfully used it; however, xcdroast must be started with xcdroast -n SED-People only: - If your machine is a printer-server: * Start YaST2 * Network services (Netzwerkdienste) * Network services (inetd) / Netzwerkdienste (inetd) * Choose 'xinetd' --> OK (xinetd is more powerful than inetd; a useful link - in German - is http://www.linux-magazin.de/Artikel/ausgabe/1998/11/Xinetd/xinetd.html xinetd has extremely useful features, such as 'only-from', 'access_times', etc.) * activate / Aktivieren * Click on line with 'printer' * Change status to 'On' ('An') * exit / Beenden * If you are using 'turboprint', modify the file /etc/xinetd.d/cups-lpd The line with 'server_args' should look as follows: server_args = cups-lpd (without the arguments -o document-format=application/octet-stream) I had no time to find out how to re-start xinetd, so I used YaST2 to activate 'netstat' and then deactivated 'netstat' again; with this, xinetd re-read the config-files and I could print from a remote machine. - Login as root (sux -) * cd /app/vpnclient * ./vpn_install * exit * as normal user: vpnclient connect ethz - enter username, password, and Save Password with 'Y' - Re-install the netbackup-software; proceed as described on http://www.sd.id.ethz.ch/htbin/bp_linux_install.cgi --> and perform the ultimate test at the end: telnet YourMachine 13782 --> Note: use and create the xinetd.d files as described (so: xinedt and not inetd should be started; xinetd provides many interesting and new features!) - Start 'Mozillla', goto http://www.seismo.ethz.ch/div/ch_weather.html and click on "Meteo (RealVideo) from Swiss TV from 7:50 pm (in german language)" - Download RealPlayer and install it with: rpm -i rp8_linux20_libc6_i386_cs2_rpm - If you have a tv-card: Click on the symbol 'TV-Card' and click on 'properties' (Eigenschaften), and 'Execute' (Ausfuehren): Enter: motv -device /dev/video1 (video0 is the webcam here)
Some problems / negative points
- Default player for video clips (*.mpeg) is 'Noatun', which did not work and which still has the ugly 'feature', that you first have to start it again (after having clicked on a symbol for a clip, it should be clear what I want!) - In Konqueror, choose 'Eigenschaften (Settings)' and go to 'Konqueror einrichten (setup konqueror)' - Choose 'Dateizuordnungen' (left side, 4th icon from top) - On the right, click on the '+' before 'video' - click on 'mpeg', then on the right on 'Kaffeine' and right of it to 'Nach oben' - Click on 'Anwenden (Apply)' How I miss the Mplayer! I think, even the video quality was better there. (Well: if you increase the 'color-value' of Kaffeine, pictures look better) - The default skin of the xmms player is (in my view) ugly - On the left side of the small window click on the letter 'O' - Goto 'Skin Browser' and click on it - Click on '(kein) (none)' and get the nice black skin back :-) - WLAN (wireless LAN) with a Cisco Aironet 350 PCMCIA card worked on our Dell Inspiron 8200 laptop fine with SuSE 8.1 and 8.2. We first had problems with WLAN... sometimes it was working, often it was not. Thanks to an e-mail from John Fiore, who wrote me that he was successful by entering the wireless settings by hand: 'iwconfig eth0', we now have solved the problem by doing the following: After changing the profile to WLAN, the following lines are entered as root: * iwconfig eth1 mode Managed essid public key XXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXXX (where XXXXXX is your key in hex form) * ifconfig eth0 down (note, on my laptop eth0 is the LAN interface, eth1 the WLAN interface) * route add default gw 192.168.0.1 (in my case 192.168.0.1 is the default gateway; the router to the internet) We also have to add the default gateway (sometimes) manually, when changing to the LAN-profile; so we enter (as root): * route add default gw 192.168.0.1 With these modifications, things work quite smoothly. However, while with SuSE 8.1 and 8.2 we had (almost) never problems changing the WLAN-card between regular and monitoring mode, this switch now often leads to a freeze of the system (the same is valid when taking the PCMCIA-WLAN-card out and inserting it again). SuSE has provided a patch for WLAN-problems in mid-November for those who have upgraded from SuSE 8.2 to 9.0 - however, our problems still remained. Another problem was, that 'airtraf' (Version 0.5.0) did not work properly. --> Therefore we decided to go back to SuSE 8.2, where things really work fine... and we are happy again! And the future? We will now explore Debian Linux and see, how things work there.....